Premenstrual Syndrome in Children with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Yuliatul Machfudhoh1, Sri Yusnita Irda Sari2, Novina Novina3.
1Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia,
2Departement of Public Health Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia,
3Division of Endocrinology Department of Child health Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran/Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia.
Abstract
Background: Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a collection of symptoms that occur in women of reproductive age during the late luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. PMS is often experienced by women; studies say as many as 47.8% of women in the world experience PMS symptoms. Hormonal level and neurotransmitter may be expected to affect these symptoms. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) can cause interference in metabolic control that can cause disruption of other hormone production that could affect the symptoms of PMS. Therefore, this study was conducted to observe PMS in children with type 1 DM.
Methods: This study was a cross-sectional descriptive study. Twenty-one children with Type 1 DM who followed up from August – November 2019 with the division of endocrinology, department of child health, Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung General Hospital were included in the study. Shortened Premenstrual Assessment Form (SPAF) questionnaire was used to observe the premenstrual syndrome.
Results: Fifteen (71.4%) respondents experienced no to mild PMS symptoms and 6 (28.6%) respondents experienced moderate to severe PMS symptoms. There was no significant correlation between the total score of PMS with HbA1c level (r=-0.174; p >0.05).
Conclusions: Most of the patients with type 1 DM experience no to mild symptoms of PMS irrespective of HbA1c level.

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