ISSN - 0973-0958
   
 
APPLICATION OF COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY IN CHILDHOOD CHEST TUBERCULOSIS
Bela Verma, Kuntal Sen, Kanchankumar Ramrao Bhagyawant.
Department of Pediatrics, Grant Govt. Medical College, Mumbai, India.
 
Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is a common and often fatal infectious disease caused by various strains of mycobacteria and in India nearly 3-4 million children have tuberculosis and another 94 million are at risk for this disease.
Aim: To compare CT and chest radiography as diagnostic tools for childhood chest tuberculosis in revealing and confirming lymphadenopathy and parenchymal lesions.
Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study was done on 50 patients aged between 2 months and 15 years of age who were clinically suspected to have TB. All 50 patients were evaluated using chest radiograph and CT Thorax and results were compared.
Results: Chest X-ray (CXR) was normal in 6 (12%) patients. CT chest detected mediastinal lymphadenopathy in 3 of them, consolidation in 2 and consolidation with mediastinal lymphadenopathy in 1 patient. The comparision between results of chest radiograph and CT showed statistically significance in detection of mediastinal lymphadenopathy (CT 70% vs CXR 56 %, p = 0.006), pleural effusion (CT 18% vs CXR 16%, p= 0.03) and consolidation (CT 48% vs CXR 36%, p = 0.030).
Conclusion: CT scan chest has advantages over conventional radiographs in diagnosing chest TB in pediatric patients and can detect the disease in patients whose chest radiographs are normal.
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
Disclaimer: The information given by www.pediatriconcall.com is provided by medical and paramedical & Health providers voluntarily for display & is meant only for informational purpose. The site does not guarantee the accuracy or authenticity of the information. Use of any information is solely at the user's own risk. The appearance of advertisement or product information in the various section in the website does not constitute an endorsement or approval by Pediatric Oncall of the quality or value of the said product or of claims made by its manufacturer.
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0