Umbilical Hernia

Vibhor Borkar, Dr Kirti Naranje
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Complications and Prognosis
Complications:
Incarceration, strangulation, bowel obstruction, erosion of the overlying skin, and bowel perforation are rare events in infants and small children. The risk of incarceration increases significantly with smaller umbilical ring 0.5 cm to 1.5 cm.3

Prognosis:
Most umbilical hernias do not pose any problem. By 2 years of age, 80% of the umbilical hernias close spontaneously and do not require any surgical corrections.
Defect more than 1.5 cm generally does not close spontaneously. Surgical corrections should be considered in large umbilical hernia, beyond 4 years of age and incarcerated hernia. The umbilical hernia is closed before the school going age.1, 2, 3


References
Umbilical Hernia Umbilical Hernia 05/11/2016
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