Drug Index

Clopidogrel

 
print

Mechanism :

The active metabolite of clopidogrel prevents binding of adenosine diphosphate (ADP) to its platelet receptor, impairing the ADP-mediated activation of the glycoprotein GPIIb/IIIa complex. It is proposed that the inhibition involves a defect in the mobilization from the storage sites of the platelet granules to the outer membrane. he drugs specifically and irreversibly inhibits the P2Y12 subtype of ADP receptor, which is important in aggregation of platelets and cross-linking by the protein fibrin. No direct interference occurs with the GPIIb/IIIa receptor. As the glycoprotein GPIIb/IIIa complex is the major receptor for fibrinogen, its impaired activation prevents fibrinogen binding to platelets and inhibits platelet aggregation. By blocking the amplification of platelet activation by released ADP, platelet aggregation induced by agonists other than ADP is also inhibited by the active metabolite of clopidogrel.


Indication :

• Anti-platelet agent


Contraindications :

Hypersensitivity

Active pathologic bleeding (e.g., peptic ulcer, intracranial hemorrhage)


Dosing :

0.2-1 mg/kg PO OD. Max: 75 mg/day.


Adverse Effect :

Agranulocytosis, aplastic anemia/pancytopenia, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), acquired hemophilia A, hemorrhage, abnormal liver function test, hypersensitivity reactions, anaphylactoid reactions, serum sickness, headache, bronchospasm, interstitial pneumonitis, vasculitis, hypotension.


Interaction :

Abciximab: May increase the risk of bleeding.
Aspirin: May increase the risk of bleeding.
Armodafinil: May decrease clopidogrel efficacy.


07/18/2019 01:59:18 Clopidogrel
ask a doctor
Ask a Doctor
Disclaimer: The information given by www.pediatriconcall.com is provided by medical and paramedical & Health providers voluntarily for display & is meant only for informational purpose. The site does not guarantee the accuracy or authenticity of the information. Use of any information is solely at the user's own risk. The appearance of advertisement or product information in the various section in the website does not constitute an endorsement or approval by Pediatric Oncall of the quality or value of the said product or of claims made by its manufacturer.
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0