ISSN - 0973-0958

Pediatric Oncall Journal



Dr Ira Shah.
Medical Sciences Department, Pediatric Oncall, Mumbai.

Pediatric Oncall, 1, B Saguna, 271, B St Francis Road, Vile Parle {W}, Mumbai 400056
Clinical Problem
A 3½ years old girl is in contact with an adult suffering from XDR-TB. Her Mantoux test is also positive. She is otherwise asymptomatic. Her Chest X-Ray is normal

How should this child be treated_?
This child has latent TB, is less than 5 years of age and is in contact with an adult having TB. Thus this child should receive prophylaxis for TB. As per WHO, prophylaxis for latent TB is 6 months of INH. However, this child is in contact with an adult having XDR-TB. Thus she may have been exposed to resistant bug. Thus INH may not be protective. There is not enough literature to determine which drug should be given as prophylaxis in such a scenario. The WHO recommends a wait and watch policy in such a situation and to treat the child only when the child becomes symptomatic. There are reports of use of pyrazinamide and ofloxacin prophylaxis in such situations but it is not recommended as you may actually lead to more drug resistance in the child.
Compliance with ethical standards
Funding:  None  
Conflict of Interest:  None
Cite this article as:
Shah I. EXPOSURE TO XDR-TB. Pediatr Oncall J. 2012;9: 120. doi: 10.7199/ped.oncall.2012.75
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
Disclaimer: The information given by is provided by medical and paramedical & Health providers voluntarily for display & is meant only for informational purpose. The site does not guarantee the accuracy or authenticity of the information. Use of any information is solely at the user's own risk. The appearance of advertisement or product information in the various section in the website does not constitute an endorsement or approval by Pediatric Oncall of the quality or value of the said product or of claims made by its manufacturer.
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0