Ascites

Himali Meshram
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COMPLICATIONS
1. Umbilical Hernia: There may be increase in size of already existing umbilical hernia or development of a new hernia.
2. Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis: It is defined when ascitic fluid polymorphonuclear leucocyte (PMN) count is more than 250 cells/cumm. It occurs due to increased intestinal wall permeability which leads to bacterial translocation from intestinal lumen into the mesentery. Patients present with fever, abdominal pain, malaise, vomiting.
3. Pleural effusion: It occurs usually on the right side due to passage of fluid through the diaphragmatic small holes into the pleural space.

References
Ascites Ascites 10/02/2019
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