Drug Index

Fluoride

 
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Synonym :

Sodium Fluoride

Mechanism :

Sodium fluoride acts systemically before tooth eruption and topically post eruption, by increasing tooth resistance to acid dissolution, by promoting remineralization, and by inhibiting the cariogenic microbial process.


Indication :

• Dental caries


Contraindications :

Contraindicated in areas where the drinking water exceeds 0.3 ppm F or more. These tablets should not be administered to pediatric patients under age of 3.


Dosing :

Oral drops and tablets:

Water fluoride conc <0.3 ppm (300 mcg/l):

Birth-6 months: None

6 months-3 years: 250 mcg F/day,

3-6 years: 500 mcg F/day,

Above 6 years: 1 mg F/day.

Doses are expressed as fluoride ion (F).

Water fluoride conc 0.3-0.6 ppm:

Birth-6 months: None

6 months-3 years: None

3-6 years: 250 mcg F/day,

Above 6 years: 500 mcg F/day.

Water fluoride conc >0.6 ppm:

No supplementation needed.


Adverse Effect :

Allergic rash, idiosyncratic reactions, white flecking of the teeth, brown cream discoloration in cases of overdose.


Interaction :

Calcium: Reduces absorption of fluorides.


07/21/2019 21:56:12 Fluoride
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