Grand Rounds

Posterior Cervical Adenopathy

Medical Sciences Department, Pediatric Oncall, Mumbai, India

Address for Correspondence: Dr Ira Shah, 1, B Saguna, 271, B St Francis Road, Vile Parle {W}, Mumbai 400056, India.

Clinical Problem :
A 12 years old girl presented with recurrent bilateral posterior cervical adenopathy 5 mm in size, mobile, non tender since past 5 years. There is no otorrhoea, recurrent cough, cold or dental caries. Her mantoux test was done which was 25 mm. Chest X-Ray was normal.

Should this child be treated with anti-tuberculous therapy_?

Discussion :
This child has non-matted lymph nodes that wax and wane in size over a period of 5 years. These nodes are in the posterior cervical region. Hence they are unlikely to be tuberculosis. Mantoux test does not tell us whether this child currently has active TB. It only states that child is either exposed to TB bacillus in the past or has received BCG or has been exposed to atypical mycobacteria.
Common causes of posterior cervical adenopathy are dental caries, ear infection or head lice. In this child, she was detected to have head lice. Treatment of head lice lead to resolution of the cervical nodes.

E-published: May 2012 Vol 9 Issue 5 Art No. 31

Correct Answers :  yes 33%
Disclaimer: The information given by is provided by medical and paramedical & Health providers voluntarily for display & is meant only for informational purpose. The site does not guarantee the accuracy or authenticity of the information. Use of any information is solely at the user's own risk. The appearance of advertisement or product information in the various section in the website does not constitute an endorsement or approval by Pediatric Oncall of the quality or value of the said product or of claims made by its manufacturer.
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0