Nipah virus Infection

Lavina Desai
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Introduction
Nipah virus is an RNA virus belonging to Paramyxoviridae family and Henipavirus group. Nipah virus caused an outbreak in pig and humans in Malaysia and Singapore between 1998 and 1999 and has been the cause of recurrent outbreaks in Bangladesh and West Bengal, India since 2001. It was initially discovered when it caused an outcome of viral encephalitis in pig farmers in Malaysia. The primary animal reservoir of Henipaviruses are bats of the genus Pteropus, Pteropodidae family. Other animals such as pigs and domestic animals such as dogs and cats can be intermediate hosts for the virus as well. Nipah virus is classified internationally as a biosecurity level (BSL) 4 agent. The pathogenesis of Nipah virus infection is based on its ability to infect blood vessels, and extravascular parenchyma, especially central nervous system (CNS).
Nipah virus Infection Nipah virus Infection 05/25/2018
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