Zika Virus - a Rapid Advise

Jagdish Kathwate
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Zika Virus - a Rapid Advise - Introduction
The World Health Organization has declared the Zika virus an international public health emergency, prompted by growing concern that it could cause birth defects. As many as four million people could be infected by the end of the year. Officials at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have urged pregnant women against travel to about two dozen countries, mostly in the Caribbean and Latin America, where the outbreak is growing.

1. Bolivia
2. Brazil
3. Colombia
4. Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, US territory
5. Costa Rica
6. Curacao
7. Dominican Republic
8. Ecuador
9. El Salvador
10. French Guiana
11. Guadeloupe
12. Guatemala
13. Guyana
14. Haiti
15. Honduras
16. Martinique
17. Mexico
18. Nicaragua
19. Panama
20. Paraguay
21. Saint Martin
22. Suriname
23. U.S. Virgin Islands
24. Venezuela
25. American Samoa (Oceana/Pacific Islands)
26. Samoa (Oceana/Pacific Islands)
27. Cape Verde (Africa)

Zika virus is primarily transmitted to humans through bites from Aedes mosquitos, which often live around buildings in urban areas and are usually active during daylight hours (peak biting activity occurs in early mornings and late afternoons).
Some evidence suggests Zika virus can also be transmitted to humans through blood transfusion, perinatal transmission and sexual transmission. However, these modes are very rare.

The incubation period is typically between 2 and 7 days.


References
Zika Virus - a Rapid Advise Zika Virus - a Rapid Advise 02/10/2016
Zika Virus - Clinical Features >>
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