Ascaris Lumbricoides Infection (Round Worms)

Dr. Ira Shah
Ascaris Lumbricoides Infection (Round Worms) - Patient Education
What is the round worm infection ?
Round worm is the commonest worm infection in man. It is commonly found in developing countries due to poor sanitary conditions. Round worms in medical terminology is also called as ascaris lumbricoides. Round worms leads to blood loss in the stools and can lead to low hemoglobin in children.

How does round worm spread ?
Most of the times round worm is transmitted by ingesting food contaminated with eggs of the parasite. The eggs form larva in the intestines, these larva enter the blood circulation and go to the lungs from where they enter the food pipe and go into the stomach and intestines and then form adult worms in the intestine. These worms can grow to a length of 10 to 30 cm. These adult worms then release eggs that are passed in stools and contaminate soil which then contaminates the food that we eat and the cycle continues. Round worm disease is especially seen in children who eat mud (pica)

What are the symptoms of round worm disease ?
Initially the child may come with the constipation and mild pain in abdomen. Sometimes vomiting and nausea and bloating can occur. With blood loss, hemoglobin can become less. If there are too may worms in the intestines, they can be passed in the stools or even can come out from the mouth or nose. Due to heavy worm load, maldigestion and malnutrition can occur. Sometimes the worm may migrate up the biliary tract and obstruct flow of bile from the liver and can cause jaundice.

How is round worm disease treated ?
Various deworming drugs are available to treat roundworms. These agents lead to paralysis of the worms and they are then passed out in the stools. Various drugs that are available are albendazole, mebendazole, Piperazine citrate. These agents will be prescribed by your doctor as one dose or may be six doses depending on the medicine given.

How can round worm disease be prevented ?
Round worms spread due to drinking contaminated water and eating contaminated food. Always wash hands before eating food and after passing a motion with soap and water. Also clean the hands after completing farming and gardening.

Are there any vaccines to prevent Ascaris lumbricoides?
There is no vaccine to prevent Ascaris lumbricoides.

Ascaris Lumbricoides Infection (Round Worms) Ascaris Lumbricoides Infection (Round Worms) 08/01/2015
ask a doctor
Ask a Doctor
Disclaimer: The information given by is provided by medical and paramedical & Health providers voluntarily for display & is meant only for informational purpose. The site does not guarantee the accuracy or authenticity of the information. Use of any information is solely at the user's own risk. The appearance of advertisement or product information in the various section in the website does not constitute an endorsement or approval by Pediatric Oncall of the quality or value of the said product or of claims made by its manufacturer.
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0