Rheumatic Fever (rf) And Rheumatic Heart Disease (rhd)

Jagdish Kathwate
MD Pediatrics. Assistant Professor, Government Medical College, Aurangabad, India.
First Created: 01/25/2001  Last Updated: 08/01/2015

Patient Education

What is rheumatic heart disease?

Rheumatic heart disease describes a group of short-term (acute) and long-term (chronic) heart disorders that can occur as a result of rheumatic fever. One common result of rheumatic fever is heart valve damage. This damage to the heart valves may lead to a valve disorder.

What is Rheumatic fever?

Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that may affect many connective tissues of the body, especially those of the heart, joints, brain, or skin. It usually starts out as a strep throat (streptococcal) infection. Anyone can get an acute rheumatic fever, but it usually occurs in children between the ages of 5 and 15 years. About 60% of people with rheumatic fever develop some degree of subsequent heart disease. Every part of the heart, including the outer sac (the pericardium), the inner lining (the endocardium), and the valves may be damaged by inflammation caused by acute rheumatic fever. However, the most common form of rheumatic heart disease affects the heart valves, particularly the mitral valve. It may take several years after an episode of rheumatic fever for valve damage to develop or symptoms to appear. Antibiotics can prevent streptococcal infection from developing into rheumatic fever. Any child with a persistent sore throat should have a throat culture to check for strep infection. Penicillin or another antibiotic will usually prevent strep throat from developing into rheumatic fever.

What are Symptoms of Rheumatic fever and Rheumatic heart disease?

Symptoms of heart valve problems, which are often the result of rheumatic heart disease, can include chest pain, excessive fatigue, heart palpitations, a thumping sensation in the chest, shortness of breath, and swollen ankles, wrists, or stomach.

What is Treatment of rheumatic heart disease?

If heart damage from rheumatic fever is identified in childhood or young adulthood, then every 21 days injection of Benzathine penicillin or daily antibiotics may be required until the age of 25 or 30, to help prevent recurrence of rheumatic fever and avoid the development of infective bacterial endocarditis, an infection of the heart valves or lining of the heart. Additional treatment will depend on the type of heart damage

Rheumatic Fever (RF) And Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) Rheumatic Fever (RF) And Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) https://www.pediatriconcall.com/show_article/default.aspx?main_cat=pediatric-cardiology&sub_cat=rheumatic-fever-rf-and-rheumatic-heart-disease-rhd&url=rheumatic-fever-rf-and-rheumatic-heart-disease-rhd-patient-education 2015-08-01
Disclaimer: The information given by www.pediatriconcall.com is provided by medical and paramedical & Health providers voluntarily for display & is meant only for informational purpose. The site does not guarantee the accuracy or authenticity of the information. Use of any information is solely at the user's own risk. The appearance of advertisement or product information in the various section in the website does not constitute an endorsement or approval by Pediatric Oncall of the quality or value of the said product or of claims made by its manufacturer.
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0